Benjamin and Sarah Ward a Census Study…

Benjamin Ward and Sarah appear in the 1851 Canadian Census in Middlesex. I shared this transcription in the last post but repeat it here so we can examine these sources and compare them to other census years.

Line 16 Benjamin Ward, Farmer, Born England, Episcopalian, X out of the limits, age 40, Male.
Sarah Ward, born England, Episcopalian, age 33, female.
Joseph Ward, Labourer, born Canada, age 15, male.
Vere Ward, born Canada, age 15, female.
Charles Ward, labourer,born Canada, age 13, male.
William Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 12, male.
Esther Ward, born Canada, age 10, female.
Daniel Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 8, male.
Sabena Ward, born Canada, age 6, female.
George Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 3, male.
Emily Ward, born Canada, age 1, female. All Episcopalian.

Line 27 Samuel Ward, Farmer, England, no religion, age 40, male, residence out of  limits. 
Ann Ward, born England, W. Methodist, age 36, female.
Phoebe Ann Ward, born Canada, age 17, female.
Alfred Ward, labourer, born Canada, 15, male.
Henrietta Ward, born Canada, 13, female.
Albert Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 11, male.
Caleb Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 8, male.
Andrew Thos Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 7, male.
Reima Ward, born Canada, age 5, female.
Abse Elinda Ward, born Canada, age 3, female.
Moses Cole Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 1, male

Children listed as W. Methodist. 

Source:  1851 Canadian Census, Benjamin and Samuel Ward Family, Canada West, Adelaide Twp., Middlesex Co., Ontario, DN#23, SD#216, Enumerated by John A. Scoon, page 9/5?

We see an Emily Ward age 1 with Benjamin and Sarah.  Under Samuel and Ann we see Phebe and I found both of their baptisms in the St. Anne’s registers and wrote about them in the last post.

I am suspecting that Samuel and Benjamin may be brothers; however, if you note their ages you see they are both 40 years old. Does this mean we have twins in the family?

1851 Agricultural Canadian Census also features Benjamin and Samuel Ward.

Line 33 Benjamin Ward Concession Range:485 or 4 & 5

  • Lot or part of lot, 1 W 1/4 – 18W1/4 17, 8 1/2 17,
  • No. of Acres of Land: 300,
  • Under Cultivation: 70,
  • Under Crops in 1851: 38.5
  • Under pasture in 1851: 27.5,
  • Under wood or wild: 230,
  • Acres in Wheat: 22,
  • Produce bushels: 280

Line 34 Samuel Ward, Concession Range: 485 or 4 & 5

  • Lot or part of lot: 8 1/2 17?, ___ 18,
  • No. of Acres of Land: 170
  • Under Cultivation: 38
  • Under Crops in 1851: 30
  • Under Pasture in 1851: 8
  • Wood or Wild: 132
  • Acres in Wheat: 16
  • Produce bushels: 200

Source: 1851 Census of Canada East, West, New Brunswick & Nova Scotia, D#23, SD: Adelaide, SD#216, Agricultural Schedule. 

In 1861 things get confusing.  We have an entry for the children of Benjamin and Sarah Ward, if you compare this to 1851.

Line 40 Joseph Ward farmer, Canada West, C of England, 23, Wm. Ward Laborer, C of W, C of E, 21. Daniel Ward, Laborer, C of W, C of E, 17, George Ward, Laborer, C of W, C of E, 12, Esther Ward, C of W, C of E, 19, Rebina Ward, C of W, C of E, 15, Emily Ward, C of W, C of E, 10, Elizabeth Ward, C of W, C of E, 6, Sarah Ward, C of W, C of E, 4.

Source: 1861 Canadian Census, St. George Ward, Adelaide, Middlesex, Canada West, C-1049-1050, page 16. 

Benjamin Ward appears on the next page and it is statistical.

Line 31, Benjamin Ward, farmer, England, Ch of England, age 54, Male 1, Single S, Males 3, females 4, to school 3, log, stories 1 and families 2

Source: 1861 Census of Canada, St. George Ward, Adelaide, Middlesex, Canada West, C-1049-1050, page 17. 

Benjamin also appears in the 1861 Agricultural Census for Canada.

Line 12 Benjamin Ward, Con/Range 4, Lot S17, Total by Person 197, under cultivation, 46, under crops 1860 30, under pasture 19, under orchard/garden 2, under wood or wild, 151, cash value 4000, cash value farming implements 100, Spring wheat 16, bushels 300, Peas 6, 120, oats 7, 210, Indian corn 1, 25, potatoes 1/2, turnips 60, Hay 6.

Source: 1861 Canadian Agricultural Census, Middlesex, Canada West, C-1051, page 115. 

Samuel Ward looks like he moved to Lambton Co., Euphemia Twp. and was there by 1861 and he is widowed.  He is also there in 1871 under Bothwell District.

Line 23, Samuel Ward, Farmer born England, 49, widowed, frame, 2,1. Alfred Ward, Laborer, 24. Albert Ward, Laborer, 20. Caleb Ward, Laborer, 18. Reim Ward, 14, female. Epsielinda Ward, 12, female. Moses C. Ward, 10. All the children were born in UC and are W. M. The last three are in school. 

Source: 1861 Census of Canada, Euphemia, Lambton, Canada West, C-1040-1041, page 23. 

The 1871 Census presents the Benjamin Ward family with four children:

Line 1, 92, 96 Ward, Benjamin, W, 65 — born in England, C of E. England, Farmer, Widowed,
Ward, George, M, 21, born Ontario, C of E., England, Farmer, S (looks crossed off)
Ward, Emily, F, 19, born Ontario, C of E.
Ward, Betsie, F, 15, born Ontario, C of E. going to school
Ward, Sarah, F, 15, Born Ontario, C of E, going to school.

Source:  1871 Census of Canada, Middlesex North, D#08, Div #02, SD: Adelaide, SD# a, page 23. 

Notice that the two girls Betsie and Sarah are the same age again the possibility of twins emerges.

Benjamin Ward died Nov. 6, 1874 in Adelaide according to the Strathroy Age newspaper.  There is no mention of Sarah in the newspaper index and she is not listed in the 1861 census information above.

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