On my trip to Ontario in September, I traveled to London and Strathroy, Middlesex County, Ontario in search of confirmation that Benjamin and Sarah Ward were my great grandparents. My great-grandmother Emma Ward Brown’s marriage record to Richard Brown stated she was born in Strathroy.
In my post on this blog dated August 7, 2010 I wrote about Richard and Emma marriage: “Richard and Emma Marry!”
In another post dated July 27, 2010 “Richard Brown Finds Emma Ward,” I wrote about Richard Brown and an Emily Ward being listed in the 1871 Petrolia, Lambton Co., Ontario Canadian Census. I thought this is how they met. This might not be a correct theory? Wards had settled in both Lambton and Middlesex Counties.
I have driven from Strathroy to Petrolia and it is about 45 minutes by car. Could Emily have been enumerated twice? Her sister Elizabeth married in 1878 in Petrolia, her father Benjamin died 6 Nov. 1874 in Adelaide. She marries Richard in January 1874 in Port Huron in Michigan which is next door to Sarnia. The railroad went from Sarna to London, Ontario and went through Strathroy, not Adelaide.
There are actually several Emily’s, two in Petrolia (Lambton Co.) and one in Adelaide in the 1871 Census. So which one is she?
1. Emily Ward Boyce F age 6 under William Boyce in Petrolia. With him is Percy, Clarice, Ellen, Elizabeth, Maria and little Emily Ward. He is a hotel keeper.
2. Emily Ward F, age 21 two lines down in Petrolia. This means she was born in 1850 in Ontario which does not agree with the birth date we have of 1851. Richard is on page 36 and this older Emily is page 32 in Petrolia. She is listed as a servant.
The problem is we find an Emily at home with her father in 1871.
3. Benjamin Ward Family in 1871 Canadian Census, Adelaide Twp., Middlesex Co., Ontario.
Line 1, 92, 96 Ward, Benjamin, W, 65 — born in England, C of E. England, Farmer, Widowed,
Ward, George, M, 21, born Ontario, C of E., England, Farmer, S (looks crossed off)
Ward, Emily, F, 19, born Ontario, C of E.
Ward, Betsie, F, 15, born Ontario, C of E. going to school
Ward, Sarah, F, 15, Born Ontario, C of E, going to school.
Source: Benjamin Ward Family, 1871 Canadian Census, 8 North Middlesex, Adelaide Division No.2, page 23. This Emily is a little closer to our date.
Going back in time, I looked at the 1851 Canadian Census for Wards who may be living in the area and the mostly like candidates were Benjamin and Sarah Ward.
Line 16 Benjamin Ward, Farmer, Born England, Episcopalian, X out of the limits, age 40, Male.
Sarah Ward, born England, Episcopalian, age 33, female.
Joseph Ward, Labourer, born Canada, age 15, male.
Vere Ward, born Canada, age 15, female.
Charles Ward, labourer,born Canada, age 13, male.
William Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 12, male.
Esther Ward, born Canada, age 10, female.
Daniel Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 8, male.
Sabena Ward, born Canada, age 6, female.
George Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 3, male.
Emily Ward, born Canada, age 1, female. All Episcopalian.
Several lines down is a Samuel Ward.
Line 27 Samuel Ward, Farmer, England, no religion, age 40, male.
Ann Ward, born England, W. Methodist, age 36, female.
Phoebe Ann Ward, born Canada, age 17, female.
Alfred Ward, labourer, born Canada, 15, male.
Henrietta Ward, born Canada, 13, female.
Albert Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 11, male.
Caleb Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 8, male.
Andrew Thos Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 7, male.
Reima Ward, born Canada, age 5, female.
Abse Elinda Ward, born Canada, age 3, female.
Moses Cole Ward, labourer, born Canada, age 1, male
Source: Benjamin Ward Family and Samuel Ward Family, 1851 Canadian Census, Adelaide Twp., Middlesex Co., Canadian West Census. DN#23, SubDistrict #216.
So what is the relationship between Benjamin and Samuel? Are they brothers? There ages or both 40 years. This might imply twins or maybe the ages are incorrect?
I refer you to the 1871 Census above two of the girls are the same age under Benjamin Ward? At this time I do not know the relationship between Samuel and Benjamin.
There is a tombstone in the 4th Line Cemetery in Strathroy for Ann as wife of Samuel. This stone is near other Ward stones. If you look below at the books I have listed at the end of this post, you will see that we have the word BROS after Benjamin’s name in the Adelaide Twp. book under indigent settlers.
The Emily Ward born in Canada, age 1, female and Episocopalian fits the description of Emily/Emma Ward.
On my recent trip in September 2014 to Canada, I stopped at the Diocese of Huron (On the Huron Campus) in London, Ontario and searched the records for a birth/baptism of Emma.
Source: Registry of the Marriages, Baptisms, Burials in the Township of Adelaide 1833, St. Anne Anglican Church, Bay 2, Shelf 40, Box 24705, Diocese of Huron, London, Ontario. This was from original registers.
Two pages: Emily, Parents Benjamin & Sarah Ward, Farmer, Adelaide, 4th Concession South, Date of Birth: 13 March, 1851, Date of Baptism: 28th Jany, Sponsors Benjamin Ward, Veah Ward, Sarah Ward, by A. Mortensen. (Probably 1852 for the baptism hard to read)
Sarah, Parents Benj’n and Sarah Ward, Farmer, Adelaide 4th Concession South, born 11 Feby, 1851 (maybe 52, D of Baptism 13th March, Sponsors Parents, by A. Mortensen.
Elizabeth, Parents Benjamin & Sarah Ward, Farmer, Adelaide 4th Concession South, 19 April
1954 1854 baptism 10th June, Sponsors Parents, by A. Mortensen.
Phebe Anne Daughter of Samuel Ward and Anne Holden Adelaide, born September 4, 1835, baptized July 10, 1836 by D.E. Blake.
Esther, Parents Charles and Sarah Ward farmer, born 23 October 1842, baptized 9th July, Sponsors Rebecca Adamson, Sarah Ward and John Elson, D.E. Blake/Black Bay 3, Shelf 71, Box 130. Parish Register 1873 to 1905. Preg 687, 2006-16-04, 21018
The above original register of St. Anne records are the ones I found in my search at the Diocese.
The date of 13 March 1851 is on the tombstone of my Emma Ward Brown in Winnipeg reads:
EMMA WARD / wife of Richard BROWN / born Mar. 13, 1851 / died Apr. 20, 1905
There is an index that I found at the London Room of the London Public Library on my visit there in September 2014.
Source: Nominal Index to the Anglican Register of Baptism, Confirmations, Marriages and burials for Adelaide, Upper Canada/Canada West/Ontario 1833 to 1884, Compiled by Charles Addington between 1981-1988. This is a compiled and typewritten index.
Apparently I missed a lot of Wards. I was not familiar with this booklet before I visited the Diocese of Huron, I wish I had this with me.
- Ward (Payne), Charles 9 Feb 1840 page 33
- Ward, Daniel [?], 28 Mar 1847, page 74/75
- Ward, Eleanor Jane, 12 July 1863, page 242/243
- Ward, Elizabeth, 10 June 1855, page 198/199
- Ward, Emily, 28 Jan 1852, page 178/179
- Ward, Esther, 9 July 1843, page 44/45
- Ward, George, 2 Sept 1849 page 90/91
- Ward, James McKeachen[?], 3 Sept 1854, page 192/193
- Ward (Paine), Joseph, 12 Feb 1838, page 29
- Ward, Joseph John, 12 July 1863, page 242/243
- Ward (Paine), Leah [?], 12 Feb 1838, pg. 27
- Ward, Sabina, 28 Mar 1847, page 74/75
- Ward, Sarah, 13 Mar 1853, page 186/187
- Ward, Charles & Sarah Paine [?], 20 Feb 1837, page 3
- Ward, Joseph & Honoria Frost, 20 Oct 1833, page 1
At the Strathroy Public Library I found the following titles about Adelaide Township. I shared a post about my visit there in September 2014 on this blog.
1. Adelaide Township, A History, compiled by the Adelaide Township Heritage Group, August 2001. On page 442 it has a great article with pictures of the St. Anne Anglican Church in Adelaide. This has a list on page 24: Location of Indigent Settlers in Adelaide Township and it is three columns and a whole page of names. It did not give a date or I missed it.
Last column: Benjamin Ward Bros. 24, 2S
2. Strathroy Stories, The Early Years, Edited and compiled by Bill Groot, A Strathroy & District Historical Society Publication. Unfortunately it just mentions the surname Ward in the pages but no details, only that they were in the township about 1832.
3. A History of St. Ann’s Church and Adelaide, by Dora Aitken. This is a very good and has the history of St. Anne’s Church, Early Settlement, Adelaide Village, and Other Communities are some of the chapter titles.
After having visited the area, I came to the conclusion that Benjamin and Sarah Ward probably lived closer to Adelaide than Strathroy. I did not go and visit the area of Adelaide, my time was at a premium and I wanted to see the cemeteries in the area before I left.
It looks lovely, St. Anne’s Anglican Church (not the original): http://stannanglican.50webs.com/
These are all interesting piece of information and it looks like Emily/Emma is probably my great-grandmother and daughter of Benjamin and Sarah Ward. As I have studied Emma/Emily, I have seen the name be changed from Emily to Emma in the other census and I found that confusing. In genealogy you always have to remain open to the pieces of information that come your way and keep digging till you feel you have a good case.