Category Archives: Thomas Brown and Sarah Archer

Thomas Brown and Mary Johnston’s Children: Thomas Brown 1846 to after 1921

Thomas Brown was born 12 October, 1846 in Rawdon, Hastings County, Ontario and was baptized 28 January, 1847 at the Saint Thomas Anglican Church in Belleville.  This man has been mixed up with another Thomas Henry Brown who was a son of Phillip Brown. They were born months apart and all the family was there on the same baptismal date: 

Thomas, born 12th October last, son of Thomas Brown of Rawdon & of Mary his wife, was baptized this 28th day of January 1847 by me, John Grier, Rector, Philip Brown & Thomas Brown for father, Mrs. Thos. Brown for mother.

Thomas, born 27 December last, son of Phillip Brown and Margaret his wife, was baptized this 28th day of January 1847 by me, John Grier, Rector. Witnesses: Thomas Brown, Philip Brown for father and Mrs. P. Brown for mother.

Northumberland County

Northumberland County

It is my belief that this Thomas Brown married a Sarah S. Archer and moved to Colborne.

Thomas Brown, age 26, Residing Colborne, born Stirling C., Bachelor, commercial Traveller, father Thomas Brown and mother Mary Brown, Spouse Sarah S. Archer, age 20, residing Haldimand, born Campbellford, Single, daug. of James Archer, and Martha Archer, Witness W. H. Bidwell Cramache, C.P, Cameron of Haldimand, Sept. 15, 1875, Haldimand, Ch. of E. groom, Ch of E. bride, Rev. I. Morton.

Source: Ontario Marriages 1801-1928, Div. of Hallimand, Schedule B, Marriages, page 412 #007049. 

He and Sarah were living in Colborne in the 1881 Canadian Census.

Line 4, 164, 168, Brown, Thomas, M, 33, Irish, Commercial Traveller, Married.
Brown, Sarah S, F, 26, English, Married.
Brown, Charles, P. M, age 6, Irish
Brown, Edith, F, 3, Irish
All born in Ontario, all Ch of Eng.

Source:  1881 Canadian Census, Colbourne, East Northumberland, page 32, District 123. 

In 1901 Sarah and Thomas are

Line 6, 163, 162, Brown, Thomas, M, W, Head, M, 12 Oct. 1946, age 54, All born in Ontario, English, All Canadian, all Ch. of E., Genl Merchant, 6, 200
Brown, Sarah S, F, W, Wife, M, 15 June 1852, age 48, Irish
Brown, Charles P., M, W, Son, S, 25 July 1875, age 24, all English
Brown, Edith, F, W, daughter, S, 15 Sept 1878, age 22
Brown, J. Archer, M, son, 10 Jan. 1883, age 18
Brown, Beverly J. M, W, son, 1 Jan 1891, age 9
Cameron, Mary J., F, W, sister, W, 10 Nov. 1846, age 54, English
Can all read and write.

Source:  1901 Canadian Census, Colbourne, Northumberland, #95, SD A, SSD #1, page 15, 20 April 1901, Robert J. Rutherford.

In 1911 Sarah and Thomas are still in Colborne and their daughter Edith has married and had a son probably born in the United States not Greece as indicated below.

Line 19, 29, 29, Brown Thomas, 250 North, M, Head, M, October 1846, 64, born Ontario, Ireland, Merchant
Brown, Sarah S., F, wife, M, June, 1856, 55, born Ontario, England
Richardson, Edith, F, daughter, Married, September 1879, 32, born Ontario, Irish
Richardson, Eric A., M, grandchild, S, October 1907, 4, birthplace maybe Greece?, English

Source: 1911 Canadian Census, Colborne, Northumberland, Ontario, Dist#101, SD#27, 250 North residence, page 9, Sam Duuly.

Sarah and Thomas Brown after now aging but they are still living in 1921.

Line 2, 121, 120, Brown, Thomas, North St, Colborne, Head, M, M, age 74, born Ontario, Ireland, Anglican, retired. Brown, Sarah, wife, F, M, 67, born Ontario, England, Richardson, Eric, grand son, M, S, 13, born USA, England father, mother Ontario, student.

Source:  1921 Canadian Census, Colborne, Northumberland, Ontario, Dist#107, SSD#61, page 9, June ___ 1921, C.C. Phiep. 

Based on the census information given above it appears that Ruth married first to Ernest G. Richardson (b. 1868 London, England) on 26 September, 1906 in Colborne. They had one son Eric born in the United States.

Richardson, Ernest G., age 38, Marriage date 26 Sept 1906, residence Colborne, residence when married Denver, born London, England, Bachelor, Banker, father Joseph Richardson, mother reads Sarah Ann Archer?, Episcopalian, Bride: Edith Brown, 28, residence Colborne, born Colborne, S., father Thomas Brown, mother Sarah Archer, Episcopalian, Witnesses Alice Archer Campbellford, Geo. Archer, Bachelor, Toronto. Fidler A.J. L.

Source:  Ontario Marriages, Ernest G. Richardson to Ruth Brown, 26 September, 1906, Colborne, Northumberland, Ontario #014596, page 449. 

Something must have happened to Ernest because Edith remarries to a Frederick Wm. Higgenson by 1914 and she lists herself as a widow.

Groom, Frederick William Higginson, 46, resided Truia/Iruia, Alberta, born Hawkesbury, Ont. Bachelor, Engineer, Ch of Eng. father James Higginson, mother Eliza Fielde. Bride, Edith Richardson, 35, residing Colborne, Ontario, born Colborne, Widow, Ch of Eng. father Thomas Brown, mother Sarah Archer. Witness J.F. MacG…..68 Bartlett Ave. Toronto, Kate A [MacGoroace] same place. Married in Toronto.

Source:  Ontario Marriages, Frederick Wm. Higginson to Ruth Richardson, 21 April 1914, Colborne, Northumberland Co., Ontario.

It looks like Edith and Fred headed to Battle River, Alberta and Eric is enumerated twice in the 1921 census.

Line 46, 307, 309, Higgenson, F. W. 30, 45, 8, 4, Head, M, M, 53, Ontario, all Irish all Ch of Eng, farmer. Higgenson, Edith, wife, F, M, 41, Ontario, Richardson, Eric, stepson, M, S, 13, Alberta, Father England, mother Ontario, student.

Source: 1921 Canadian Census, Battle River, Alberta, pg. 33, Dist #1, SubD#34, July 6, 7, 8, 1921, W. J. [Foden].

Based on the above census we have four children for this couple:

  • Charles P. Brown born 25 July 1875 in Ontario
  • Edith Brown born 15 September 1878 in Ontario
  • James Archer Brown for 10 Jan 1883 in Ontario and married a Ruth Boyer on 19 September 1906 in Colborne.  She was born about 1881 and her parents were John Boyer and Amie Keeler.
  • Beverly Brown born 1 January 1891 in Ontario.

A Thomas and Sarah S. (Archer) Brown are buried in the Lakeport Cemetery in Haldimand, Northumberland, Ontario. This is according to the Ontario Cemetery Finding Aid.  This cemetery is featured on Find A Grave but Thomas and Sarah are not yet added to the memorials at this time, so I cannot confirm.

This is a good start to the research on this couple.  Please review and make sure these findings are correct.


Philip Brown, son of Thomas and Mary Brown, and the Heir & Devise Case File…

The Archives of the Ontario has a First and Second Heir & Devisee Index under Philip Brown’s name. They have an index online at this link that you can search.

Phillip Browns application for Heir Devisee on land owned by Thomas Brown

Phillip Browns application for Heir Devisee on land owned by Thomas Brown folder

Philip was under Rawdon Township, Parcel 170:1868 #40-4671 RG 40, Film#MS 657, reel 89. You can find this at the Family History Library on film #1316021. The film reads Land Records 1796 to 1894, The handwriting is very difficult to read for this case file.

This is the petition of Philip Brown son of Thomas Brown and Mary (Johnston) Brown regarding the West half of lot No. 3 in the 8th Concession of Rawdon, Clergy Sale No. 5475. You will see mention of Mary Brown, Henry, and Thomas Brown.

These documents are listed in the order they appeared on the film.  The handwriting is extremely difficult to read so I am not going to transcribe the various documents.  If you would like a copy of this file, leave a comment at the end of this post.

Here is a summary of the contents of the case:

1.  File Folder for Case #40-4671

2.  21. Notice Philip Brown Rec’d 8 January 1868 from Mr. [Megus] W1/2 Lot 3, 8 Con, Rawdon, 16 Jan. 1868 Allowed _______________

3. Affidavit of C.S. Coleman, Clerk of the Peace, County of Hastings 6 January 1868.

4.  Affidavit of Adam [Amoy Raulvil], Solicitor for Claims, Dec. 6, 1867.

5. Application of Philip Brown W/12 Lot 3 8 Con Rawdon (signed below unreadable) a jacket cover. .

6. ______#186 Mary Brown to Philip Brown Quit Claim Deed, she makes her mark Mary Brown, Witnessed by Henry Brown. [second] January 1868.

Quit Claim Deed Jacket for Mary to Phillip Brown. Mother to son.

Quit Claim Deed Jacket for Mary to Phillip Brown. Mother to son.

7. ______Dec. 5, 1867, Henry Brown & Thomas Brown to Philip Brown Quit Claim Deed.  Witnessed by Robert Mills, signed by Henry Brown and Thomas Brown.

8.  _____W1/2 3 – I Con, Rawdon, faded writing at bottom unreadable, jacket

9. Affidavit #477 Dept. of Crown Lands, Toronto January 8, 1868, by I. O. [Tachutt] for the Com Cr Land

10.  Thomas & Elizabeth Bateman to Philip Brown Quit Claim Deed ___ March 1866.

11. This indenture ___ March, 1866. Signed by Thomas and Elizabeth Batemen and witnesses by Wm. R. Parks, and G.H. Boulter.

12. Application of Philip Brown W1/2 Lot 3, 8 Con. Rawdon Affidavit of Henry Brown, Attorney ____________

13.  Affidavit of Henry Brown, several pages handwritten.

14.  Application of Philip Brown W 1/2 Lot 3, 8 Cons Rawdon, appt of Philip Brown, A _____________

15.  Affidavit of Philip Brown, several pages handwritten

16.  Application of Philip Brown….there are two from him.

These are receipts showing Thomas Brown, the father, paying for the land:

17. Receipt – Crown Land Agency, Belleville 19 February 1852, Received from Philip Brown eight pounds eight shillings ___pence seventh installment on West 1/2 lot 3 in 8th Conc. Rawdown Clergy Sale #5475 Sold to the late Brother Thomas, ___ [McAnnay]

18.  Receipt Crown Lands Belleville Feb. 1856, Rec’d from Mrs. Thomas Brown his widow, the sum of seven pounds 13/curr being an installment on West 1/2 lot No. 3, in 8th Concession of Hungerford Clergy  F McAnnany.

19. Receipt Crown Land Agency, Belleville 8 [July] 1847. Received from Thomas Brown the sum of six pounds, thirteen shillings and four pence, being the Ricaud Eustalands, W half of lot No. 3, 8 Conc of Rawdon, Clergy – F. McAnnany

20.  No. 127, Crown Lands Belleville 4 June 1844 Thomas Brown the sum of twelve pounds ten shillings being first installment of West 1/2 Lot No. three in the Eighth Con, in the Township of Rawdon in the District of Victoria, Clergy Lands containing 100 acres sold to him at the sale of 12/4 shillings per acre F McAnnay Dist. Agt. The _____  payable in nine equal yearly instalments with interest from this date.

21. No. 189, $55 Bank of Montreal, Belleville, 9 March 1866 Received from Thomas Brown fifty five dollars for account of the Dept. of Crown Lands, _____West half Lot No. three in the Eighth conc.  of Township of Rawdon, ______Acct. sign by _____________

22.  $90.00 Original for the Depositor, Bank of Upper Canada, Belleville, 17 Nov. 1859, Received from Thomas Brown, Ninety & no/100 dollars We 1/2 Lot No. 3, 8th Con. Township of Rawdown, A. J, Cameron…

23.  Principal 12 . 60 . 0 – Interest 2 . 10. 0 = $15.00 Crown Lands Agency Belleville 2 October 1849 Received from Mr. Thomas Brown the sum of Fifteen Pound, Currency, being the 3 and fourth instalment on West half lot No 3 in 8th Concession of Rawdon. Clergy Sale No. 5475 F. McAnnay Dist. Agt.

This is almost like getting a probate/estate file of your ancestor and it features the four children of Thomas and Mary (Johnston) Brown: Henry, Elizabeth, Phillip and Thomas. Thomas will be discussed in the next post. I believe it also mentions Thomas’ brother Philip. It does not include the Vance children which is interesting.  It also confirms that Mary, the mother, was still living in 1868.

Once again if you would like a copy of the file leave me a comment and we will connect.